Introduction

The Navel string/Tie-bridge pilot project introduced by the Faculty of Law and Political Sciences at the University of Szeged supports the education of 2nd, 3rd and 4th generation immigrants who wish to strengthen their cultural identity. It is especially designed for those who - although have already socially and culturally integrated into the recipient country - wish to get to know their roots, cultural heritage and last but not least learn the Hungarian language.

Retro-acculturation refers to the conscious search for ethnic identity or roots, especially by second, third, or fourth-generation of former migrants who feel they have lost their cultural identity. These individuals tend to be assimilated into mainstream of the host country’s culture yet would like to enjoy and recover the culture of their parents and grandparents. For example, many Hungarians who choose retro-acculturation typically want to learn Hungarian, have their children learn Hungarian, and appreciate their cultural heritage (values, music, arts, food and so on). They are proud of their heritage and welcome ethnic recognition in advertising and promotion of brands and services. A sense of ethnic identity and pride tends to motivate these behaviours.

 

The situation of second and third, or fourth generation migrants is similar throughout the World: they are at risk to encounter cultural, linguistic and social difficulties and finally losing the ties of their parents’ or grandparents’ original land and culture.

 

The main idea behind the pilot project of the Faculty of Law at the University of Szeged is to prevent such situations of prejudice and self-discrimination and offer a brush up possibility for new generation who holds a Hungarian origin.

 

The "bridge" between different cultures and a path towards social inclusion will be the main products the partnership will elaborate for teachers and trainers of second generation migrants, as well as materials for second generation migrants who are looking for a job and want to improve their self-esteem and communication skills in Hungarian language.

 

The Hungarian language is so inextricably bound to Hungarian culture, that without it someone simply isn't Hungarian: no matter where their great granny once lived. That is why Hungarian communities abroad place so much importance on Hungarian Houses, Saturday schools, etc.

 

If somebody has Hungarian ties he/she is Hungarian, and of course American, Canadian, etc. should be proud of it.